Abstract

Research Article

Damu-Safen pesticide exposure risk assessment, EC (fomesafen, 250 g/l)

Aiman Nazhmetdinova*, Albina Izmailova, Altinay Chalginbayeva and Adlet Kassymbayev

Published: 11 January, 2019 | Volume 3 - Issue 1 | Pages: 001-010

Annually the list of pesticides is replenished by new ones. One of the main criteria for their registration is toxicological and hygienic assessment and its impact on the environment.

In order to register the new soy herbicide Damu - Safen, EC (fomesafen, 250 g/l) it was necessary to assess its toxicological and hygienic impact on the environment and humans. Therefore, for the first time we conducted studies of the environmental objects under the influence of Damu-Safen, EC (fomesafen, 250 g/l) and the risk assessment of the active substance fomesafen and pesticide Damu - Safen, EC on the workers. According to the results of the assessment of working conditions for the workers of the tanker and the tractor operator, an acceptable risk was obtained that meets regulatory and hygienic requirements. Residual amounts of fomesafen not exceeding the normative levels were found during conducted studies on environmental objects.

Consequently, the results of the risk assessment in the application of pesticide Damu-Safen, EC (fomesafen, 250 g/l) and its impact on the working people and environmental objects indicate the possibility of its application in compliance with optimal environmental conditions and compliance with regulations for appliances and personal protective equipment.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.acee.1001012 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

Keywords:

Air; Soil; Water; Pollution; Fomesafen; Toxicological and hygienic assessment; Risk assessment; Environment

References

  1. Feng ZZ, Li QF, Zhang J, Zhang J, Huang X. et al. Microbial Degradation of fomesafen by a Newly Isolated Strain Pseudomonas zeshuii BY-1 and the Biochemical Degradation Pathway. J Agric Food Chem. 2012; 60: 7104–7110. Ref.: https://goo.gl/7CnHh9
  2. Onishchenko G, Bragina I, Potapov A. Estimation of the risk of exposure to pesticides on workers. l Methodical instructions. 2012; 1. 15.
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  6. Klysenko MA. Methodical recommendations № 2365-81 “Guidelines for the determination of phenylurea herbicides (fenuron, koran, thimilon, monuron, diuron, dicuren, doxanex, tenor n, faloran, and rubber, if it is necessary, patran, maloran) in water, soil, plant material, vegetables and by definition herbicides (arezin, linuron, patoran, maloran) and their metabolites - aromatic amines - in water with the joint presence of gas-liquid chromatography. Moscow. 1991; 356.
  7. Khorram MS, Zheng Y, Lin D, Zhang Q, Fang H, et al. Dissipation of fomesafen in biochar-amended soil and its availability to corn (Zea mays L.) and earthworm (Eisenia fetida). Journal of Soils and Sediments. 2016; 16: 2439–2448. Ref.: https://goo.gl/XC9PzN
  8. Klysenko MA. Methodical recommendations No. 6218-91 “Guidelines for the measurement of chlorofluazuron (AME) concentrations in the air of the working area”. Moscow. 1991; 3639.
  9. Nazhmetdinova AS, Poshina SD. Methodical instructions for the determination of residual amounts of fomesafen in soybean, soybean oil and soil by high performance liquid chromatography

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